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Open Access Research

Rediscovery of Haematobosca zuluensis (Zumpt), (Diptera, Stomoxyinae): Re-description and amended keys for the genus

Leo Braack1* and Adrian C Pont12

Author Affiliations

1 Zoonoses Research Unit, Department of Medical Virology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

2 Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PW, U.K

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Parasites & Vectors 2012, 5:267  doi:10.1186/1756-3305-5-267

Published: 21 November 2012

Abstract

Prior to this publication, the biting fly Haematobosca zuluensis (Zumpt, 1950) (Diptera, Muscidae, Stomoxyinae) was known only from a single male specimen collected in 1923 in Zululand, South Africa. Seven additional males were subsequently captured in the Kruger National Park of South Africa, one in 1984 and six in 1991, but remained unidentified until now. The genus includes species of considerable veterinary significance, but current keys for identification of species are misleading due to inadequate description of H. zuluensis.

External morphological features are described to enable species characterization, including intraspecific variability.

This paper confirms the existence of H. zuluensis, expands its known range, provides a full description of males of the species, and gives an up to date set of keys for the 15 known species within the genus. Available records suggest that Haematobosca zuluensis is a low density species as yet known only from wildlife areas of South Africa.

The additional specimens of H. zuluensis have enabled an improved description of the species and an improved set of keys to identify constituent members of the genus.

Keywords:
Haematobosca; Biting flies; Stomoxyinae