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Open Access Highly Accessed Review

Canine vector-borne diseases in India: a review of the literature and identification of existing knowledge gaps

Puteri Azaziah Megat Abd Rani1*, Peter J Irwin2, Mukulesh Gatne3, Glen T Coleman1 and Rebecca J Traub1

Author Affiliations

1 School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Queensland 4072, Australia

2 School of Veterinary and Biomedical Science, Murdoch University, Western Australia 6150, Australia

3 Bombay Veterinary College, Maharastra Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, Parel, Mumbai 400012, India

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Parasites & Vectors 2010, 3:28  doi:10.1186/1756-3305-3-28

Published: 8 April 2010

Abstract

Despite the combination of favourable climate for parasites and vectors, and large populations of stray dogs, information concerning the epidemiology, diagnosis and management of canine vector-borne diseases in India is limited. However, with the country's expanding economy and adaptation to western culture, higher expectations and demands are being placed on veterinary surgeons for improved knowledge of diseases and control. This review aims to provide an overview of the current state of knowledge of these diseases in India and identify existing knowledge gaps in the literature which need to be addressed. The available literature on this subject, although limited, suggests that a number of canine vector-borne diseases such as filariasis, babesiosis and ehrlichiosis are endemic throughout India, as diagnosed mostly by morphological methods. Detailed investigations of the epidemiology and zoonotic potential of these pathogens has been neglected. Further study is essential to develop a better understanding of the diversity of canine vector-borne diseases in India, and their significance for veterinary and public health.