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This article is part of the supplement: Proceedings of the 4th Symposium on Canine Vector-Borne Diseases

Open Access Highly Accessed Review

Canine babesiosis: from molecular taxonomy to control

Peter J Irwin

Author Affiliations

Australasian Centre for Companion Animal Research, School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch 6150, WA, Australia

Parasites & Vectors 2009, 2(Suppl 1):S4  doi:10.1186/1756-3305-2-S1-S4

Published: 26 March 2009

Abstract

Canine babesiosis is a clinically significant emerging vector-borne disease caused by protozoan haemoparasites. This review article considers recent literature pertaining to the taxonomic classification of Babesia and Theileria species affecting dogs and the geographical distribution of these parasites. The diagnosis of canine babesiosis by traditional, molecular and serological methods is reviewed, together with recent advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of piroplasmosis, and of the treatment and prevention of this disease.